Writing a Passenger Module for Puppet – Vagrant

Following the steps described in the “Deploying Rails Applications” book and using the currently latest puppet installation described here, the actual puppet files had to be modified slightly in order to make it work as expected.

The main issues requiring the changes were as follow:

  • System wide rvm installation – different paths, and the use of the rvmsudo command instead of sudo
  • Use of latest puppet gem (3.0.1) – ruby 1.9.3 is supported
  • Use of Debian/Ubuntu system – different way of configuring passenger with apache2

So the full file for the passenger module (puppet/modules/passenger/manifests/init.pp) is:

Going through the file one of the first things to notice is the declaration about the “apache2-prefork-dev” package installation

The reason for this package, is that when trying to compile the passenger apache module (passenger-install-apache2-module), the script will complain that the following packages are missing:

By installing the first of the packages (apache2-prefork-dev) the other two are installed automatically as dependencies.

NOTE In trying to install it in an Ubuntu AMI image in AWS EC2 there is also an additional package requirement because the installer complains about:

So there is the additional package added as:

Further down there are two file resources named “passenger_conf” and “passenger_load”.
Looking at the structure in debian for the apache2 configuration it seems that apache2 in debian needs two different files for each module that can be loaded one with named as module.conf and another as module.load to be placed into /etc/apache2/mods-available.

So we can create these two files and placed them in the files folder, as:


and, puppet/modules/passenger/files/passenger.load

Which you can actually see if you compile manually the passenger apache2 module as they are described in the output on successful compilation:

Finally the last section of the init.pp file enables the passenger module with the a2enmod apache command:

A couple of useful apache2 commands when testing are:

  • To test what modules are availble for loading: If run after creating the two passenger files passenger.conf and passenger.load, then the passenger module should appear in the list
  • To see the currently enabled modules: Which again if it is run after the passenger modules has been enabled with a2enmod passenger then it should show an entry with

Could not find activesupport-3.0.12 in any of the sources (Bundler::GemNotFound)


You are trying to update your rails app deployed on a server, for example from 3.0.11 to 3.0.12, and at the same time trying to update the Ruby version from 1.9.2 to 1.9.3 but you are getting the following error from passenger:

and then modify the apache configuration file as in:

and then reload your apache configuration

passenger ArgumentError (invalid byte sequence in US-ASCII)

After upgrading your server to use rvm and Ruby 1.9 you get the following error when you are trying to access certain parts of your redmine installation:

passenger ArgumentError (invalid byte sequence in US-ASCII)

If you follow the instruction posted here, you can add the following to your redmine’s “RAILS_ROOT/config/initializers/string_encodings.rb”:

Encoding.default_external = 'UTF-8'

and restart your application

Passenger (mod_rails) gem installation – Apache2 – Debian – rvm

You would like to (re)-install passenger after a system wide rvm installation, but you only have the mod_passenger.c file and not the .so after the gem installation.

Make sure that after using gem install passenger you also use the command to install the apache2 passenger module:


you should then be able to see the .so file and add it to your /etc/apache2/mods-available/passenger.load

Rails Passenger Staging environment problem in Dreamhost

You want to deploy your rails application using Passenger in Dreamhost, but on a staging environment. It doesn’t work just changing your Capistrano recipe or your environment files, as the default environment for passenger is ‘production’.

Looking at the Passenger documentation here, there are four different ways of achieving that by changing the RailsEnv option. If you don’t want to change the Apache configuration files, and as long as the option AllowOverride is on (which should be on Dreamhost), then you would need to create an .htaccess file in your application’s public folder with the following:

RailsEnv staging

Phusion Passenger installation in Mandriva 2009

You have recently installed Mandriva 2009 and you want to install phusion passenger.


  1. First make sure that apache is installed. If it is not installed (default), do:

    On the selection question about the dependencies select option 1 (apache-prefork)
  2. Use the details from the phusion passenger website. ie:
    Install passenger:
  3. Run the passenger installation:
  4. If at the second stage of the installation the installer complains that GNU C++ compiler … not found, install the gnu c++ compiler, with:
  5. Run the passenger installation (step 3) again. If at this stage the installer complains that Apache 2 development headers … not found, use:
  6. Run passenger installer (step 3), once more. Now everything should be ok and the apache 2 module will be installed when the installer finishes.
  7. Restart the Apache webserver, and you should be able to add your Rails application. Use the following to deploy your application in /somewhere/public: