Error installing json 1.8.3 with ruby 2.4


You are trying to install the gems for your rails application in a new computer, or by using ruby 2.4 and you get the following error:

An error occurred while installing json (1.8.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
Make sure that `gem install json -v '1.8.3'` succeeds before bundling.


Remove your old Gemfile.lock file and run bundle again. A newer version of json (ie 1.8.6) should be installed.

OSVDB 119927 : http Gem for Ruby SSL Certificate Validation MitM Spoofing


There was a security vulnerability issued by Gemnasium about the http gem with the title OSVDB-119927 – MitM Security Vulnerability.

The details for it are here.


After some investigation (gem dependency http –reverse-dependencies) it turns out that the twitter gem (5.14.), is using an older vulnerable http dependency (0.6.3).

In order to remove this warning and until there is a new twitter gem released, you can use the github master branch of twitter, like:

gem 'twitter', github: 'sferik/twitter'

cannot load such file — zlib


You are trying to install a gem with rvm but you are getting the following error:

ERROR: Loading command: install (LoadError
cannot load such file — zlib
ERROR: While executing gem … (NameError)
uninitialized constant Gem::Commands::InstallCommand


Following from the post here

you would need to install the zlib library with rvm, uninstall your ruby version and then install the ruby version again with the folowing:


rvm pkg install zlib

rvm uninstall 1.9.3

rvm install 1.9.3

Mandriva – Rails 2.3.2 – mysql gem – ‘ERROR: Error installing mysql’

You are trying to install the mysql gem in Mandriva, but it fails with error messages:

ERROR:  Error installing mysql:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension...
checking for mysql_query() in -lmysclient... no ....

After searching in google, with solutions about providing different options (– –with-mysql-config, ..etc), even trying different combinations for providing the client library path, the configuration file, or the header file path, was still faced with the same error installing the mysql gem.
As the Mandriva installation was quite new, it turns out to be a couple of missing packages.
So try:

urpmi gcc
urpmi make

and run:

gem install mysql


It should work out ok install the gem and output:

Building native extensions. This could take a while...
Successfully installed mysql-2.7
1 gem installed

FBML Error (line 5): illegal tag “body” under “fb:canvas”

When trying to use facebooker according to the Developing facebook platform applications with rails book, in the network_test step you are getting the following error:

FBML Error (line 5): illegal tag "body" under "fb:canvas"

It should be caused because you are using the facebooker gem instead of the plugin.
Install the plugin:

ruby script/plugin install git://

Upgrading Ruby on Rails application from 1.2.3 to 2.0.2

Upgrading an existing Ruby on Rails application from 1.2.3, to 2.0.2, presents few problems. I will try and keep a record of the ones I encounter along the way, here.


  1. Change the config/environment.rb to let the application know to use the 2.0.2 gem rail version,
  2. change the following line from:

    RAILS_GEM_VERSION = '1.2.3' unless defined? RAILS_GEM_VERSION


    RAILS_GEM_VERSION = "2.0.2" unless defined? RAILS_GEM_VERSION
  3. Run the following to generate the secret key for the application:
  4. rake secret
  5. Copy the magic key in a new section in your config/environment.rb as in:
  6. ...
        # config.log_level = :debug
        # Your secret key for verifying cookie session data integrity.
        # If you change this key, all old sessions will become invalid!
        # Make sure the secret is at least 30 characters and all random,
        # no regular words or you'll be exposed to dictionary attacks.
        config.action_controller.session = {
          :session_key => '_yourapplication_session',
          :secret      => 'long_string_generated_from_rake_secret'

Upgrading to Rails 2.0.2 problems/solutions

Upgrading from Rails version 1.2.3 to version 2.0.2.
Following the suggestion in DH’s weblog here when using sudo gem install rails -y, it gets the trunk version of rails which at the time was
This causes a few problems and breaks a few more things.

In order to get back to the latest stable version, you have to uninstall a few of the gems installed from the trunk version.
If you have installed the latest version of top of an existing one using gems, then doing:

gem list --local

will give you all the installed versions of the gems. Something like:

actionmailer (, 2.0.2, 1.3.3)
actionpack(, 2.0.2, 1.3.3)
rails(, 2.0.2, 1.2.3)

Make sure you uninstall all the gems with version number

sudo gem uninstall rails
sudo gem uninstall actionmailer
sudo gem uninstall actionpack
sudo gem uninstall activerecord
sudo gem uninstall activeresource
sudo gem uninstall activesupport
sudo gem uninstall rails

In each of the above commands the gem package manager should ask you to select the one you want to uninstall.
Pick the one with the (or other version later than 2.0.2).

At the end if you list the gems again you should only have gems going up to version 2.0.2

An extra step I had to take for making the migrations work was to install rake again:

sudo gem install rake

After all these my installation seems to be working fine again.