Kubectl using -l a=something -l b=other or -l a=something,b=other

When you have two pods with different labels, let’s say one with two labels a=something and b=other, and the second one with label b=other, when you use kubectl to get them there is a difference in the way that the -l selector is used.

So using kubectl -n namespace get pods -l a=something -l b=other it will give you back both pods as it works as an OR operator.

If you wanted to get only the first one that has both labels, but not the second, you would need to use it as in kubectl -n namespace get pods -l a=something,b=other.

In other words the comma separator acts as a logical AND operator in selecting the labels.

Using exo cli to display your vm templates in Exoscale

To display your vm templates, as opposed to all available templates in Exoscale using the exo CLI, use the following (you should have already the environment variables set up to be able to use exo):

exo vm template list --mine
?                  ID                  ?     NAME      ?      CREATION DATE       ?  ZONE   ? DISK SIZE ?
? a58f0180-689d-4663-aa53-91111111111  ? my-ubuntu     ? 2020-08-12T13:44:01+0000 ? ch-dk-2 ? 50 GiB    ?

Error: Invalid provider configuration (terraform plan locally with TerraformCloud)


You are trying to run locally the terraform plan, while using the Terraform’s Cloud remote backend, before commiting your changes to your repo and running it through Terraform’s Cloud UI, and you are getting the previous error message:

Error: Invalid provider configuration


Remember to add the environment variables needed for your provider (AWS, Google, Exoscale etc) in the Variables section of your Terraform Cloud setup.

Even you have added them before, using a new Workspace means you will need to add them to each new workspace.

asdf and terraform (or vault or packer)

Using the asdf version manager to manage versions of various binaries like terraform, vault or packer is easily done by following the instructions below:

  1. Download and install asdf if you haven’t got it already (https://asdf-vm.com/#/core-manage-asdf)
  2. If you want to install the latest version of terraform for example do the following:
asdf plugin add terraform
asdf install terraform latest
asdf global terraform 0.14.9
asdf list
terraform --version
Terraform v0.14.9

Get/Set platform information

To get or set in environment variables the platform information of a system you can use the following:

export ARCH=$(case $(arch) in x86_64) echo -n amd64 ;; aarch64) echo -n arm64 ;; *) echo -n $(arch) ;; esac)
export OS=$(uname | awk '{print tolower($0)}')

Taken from the installation instructions of the Operator SKD here: https://master.sdk.operatorframework.io/docs/installation/

Using port number in Terraform output


You would like to output some additional information (ie port number) in addition to the variable provided by Terraform.


Use interpolation of the Terraform variable using ${var} together with the rest of the string you would like to output, like:

output "kibana_endpoint" {
  value       = "http://${aws_instance.elasticsearch.public_ip}:5601"
  description = "The Kibana endpoint"

More information about the language https://learn.hashicorp.com/tutorials/terraform/outputs?in=terraform/configuration-language